Press Release 4/09|
of June 5th 2009
VG Wort and Google - in the interest of education and research?
The Coalition for Action "Copyright for Education and Research" recommends all researchers not to agree to or even to veto against the
most recent change of the VG Wort contract (the German collecting society for authors). The Coalition for Action has informed their
institutional and individual subscribers of the Göttingen Declaration about this recommendation. The Coalition for Action considers the
interests of education and research to achieve free access to information and knowledge to be at risk when, as the VG Wort contract
suggests, all texts of German authors will be withdrawn from Google Book Search and when access (eventually and probably under commercial
conditions) can only be renewed under a licence controlled by VG Wort. The Coalition for Action calls upon VG Wort to take the interest of
science and education in free access into account in any case. Otherwise there might be a need to establish alternative means to respond
to the growing interest of researchers to exercise their rights against Google themselves.
The Coalition for Action "Copyright for Education and Research" fears that the treaty between Google and the US editors/authors (the
so-called "settlement") on the one hand and the
changed contract to exercise the
rights of authors of VG Wort on the other will not
sufficiently take into account the needs of education and research. In the same way the Coalition for Action demands a special right, an
education- and research-friendly copyright from the legislator it will have to demand special regulations for the use of digitized works
in education and research from Google and VG Wort.
VG Wort right now is trying to make the authors assign the safeguarding of their rights to VG Wort. If VG Wort succeeds in receiving these
rights it plans to remove all books written in German for which VG Wort has got the rights from Google Book Search after the legal
approvement of the "settlement". This will be applicable for books out of print as well as for deliverable books. Probably
pay-per-view-models are meant. Insofar as deliverable books are concerned text abstracts and snippets will no longer be displayed. Only
bibliographic metadata will be displayed.
This is not what education and research are interested in.
In research the low financial profits of authors by pay-per-view-models is not comparable to the individual and economical costs implied
in the lack of a free (and possibly complete) access to the works. It is not only that free access enhances the visibility of the own
works and therefore increases personal reputation but also the possibility to know and access many works of other authors is of great
importance to any scientist. It has scientifically been proven long ago that the easier it is to gain access to published knowledge the
more national economy will profit. This may not be true for public entertainment markets or fiction.
As long as VG Wort does not support the interests of education and research and free access more intensely the Coalition for Action
recommends all researchers not to agree to the most recent change of the VG Wort contract to exercise the rights of authors or even to
possibly express their veto explicitly against it. Proposing this the Coalition for Action has contacted the (372) institutional and
(7056) individual subscribers of the Göttingen Declaration (see URL). Via contacting the research organizations and scientific
associations further researchers will be addressed.
Furthermore, the Coalition for Action is in doubt whether it belongs to the tasks of VG Wort to safeguard authors' rights for foreign
countries. This is why the Coalition for Action appeals to VG Wort to limit themselves to negotiating with Google the non-commercial use
of works which were scanned in the past or will be scanned in the future. As a matter of course the rights of the authors to annually
apply for the distribution in reward of their published works will not be touched.
If VG Wort refuses to comply with the demands of the Coalition for Action, the possibilities for a representation of the interests in OA
by education and research themselves must be considered. Even now the Coalition for Action tries to come to an agreement with Google that
would allow free display in Google Book Search, possibly with publicity, but under the condition that no new commercial business models
will arise from this.
Though demanding free access to the scientific materials digitized by Google the Coalition for Action does not favor Google's intention to
digitize and publish scientific works. The Coalition for Action will support any attempt to make freely accessible published
(out-of-print, orphaned, but also deliverable) works from research and the broader range of culture. Surely in every singular case the
provision of adequate compensation will have to be checked. The Coalition for Action invites public institutions of the federal states of
Germany in charge to effectively fund actual projects like the Europeana, the European digital library, or the various projects that will
culminate in a German digital library. Considering the often deficient quality of Google digitalization the tasks of digitizing the common
cultural heritage may not be left to Google.
Further information can be obtained from email@example.com or from the speaker of the Coalition for Action:
Rainer Kuhlen, head of IUWIS - Infrastructure Copyright for Education and Research.
Coalition for Action "Copyright for Education and Research"
The Coalition for Action "Copyright for Education and Research"
(http://www.urheberrechtsbuendnis.de/) was founded in 2004 in connection with
the amendment of copyright legislation in Germany. The Coalition for Action
lobbies for a balanced copyright and demands free access to worldwide
information at any time from anywhere for everybody active in public education
and research. The Coalition for Action is based on the Göttingen Declaration on
Copyright for Education and Research of 5 July 2004. Six members of the alliance
of German research organizations (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der
angewandten Forschung e.V., Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren
e.V., Hochschulrektorenkonferenz, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft,
Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz e.V. and Wissenschaftsrat),
more than 365 learned societies, federations and institutions as well as more
than 7,000 individuals were subscribers to this declaration. Speakers of the
Coalition for Action are Prof. Dr. Kuhlen (Konstanz), Dr. Müller (Heidelberg),
Dr. Sepp (Kassel). More information on demand by: rainer.kuhlen at uni-konstanz.de, hmueller at mpil.de and sepp at